Pediatric Surgery Faculty
Chief of Pediatric Surgery
James Dunn, M.D., Ph.D., FACS
Dr. Dunn obtained his B.S. degree in Biology and Chemical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology and his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He trained in General Surgery at the UCLA School of Medicine and in Pediatric Surgery at the Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis. He was the Professor and Chief of Pediatric Surgery at UCLA, with a joint appointment in the Department of Bioengineering until 2016. Dr. Dunn is the Susan B. Ford Surgeon-in-Chief at the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, the John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Director of Pediatric Surgery, and Professor of Surgery and Bioengineering at the Stanford School of Medicine.
Matias Bruzoni, M.D., FACS
Dr Bruzoni obtained his MD degree at the University of Buenos Aires, and completed his General Surgery Residency at the British Hospital in Argentina. He continued his training at the University Of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha as a Transplant Fellow and also completed a General Surgery Residency at the same program. Subsequently, Dr Bruzoni was the first Fellow to graduate from the Pediatric Surgery Fellowship Program at Stanford in 2011 under Dr. Craig Albanese, M.D., and has been the Program Director for the fellowship since June 2016. His main clinical and research interests are in minimal access neonatal surgery, surgical oncology, inflammatory bowel disease, adolescent weight loss surgery, and language concordant care in the Hispanic population.
Dr. Bruzoni is also the Director of the Adolescent Weight Loss Surgery Program, Director of the Outpatient Pediatric Surgery Clinics, Site Director of the Pediatric Surgery Rotation-General Surgery Residents, and the Director of the Hispanic Clinic for Pediatric Surgery.
Stephanie Chao, M.D., FACS
Dr. Chao's research focuses on preventing surgical diseases minimizing the impact of surgery. She works with the Asian Liver Center towards the global eradication of hepatitis B, the leading cause of liver cancer and liver disease globally. Dr. Chao helped launch the Jade Ribbon Campaign in 2001 to improve public and physician awareness about hepatitis B. Her work has been supported by the US Centers for Disease Control and the American Cancer Society. The Asian Liver Center also works in collaboration with the World Health Organization to improve screening and immunization strategies in Asia. For more information, visit: http://liver.stanford.edu AND http://hepbmoms.org
Dr. Chao also serves as the Trauma Medical Director for Stanford Children's Health. Her research and interests include preventing childhood injury, the leading cause of death among children.
Dr. Chao is the Director of the Stanford Chest Wall Program. She is interested in studying new ways to treat and image patients with pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum.
Dr. Chao is also working with pediatric anesthesiologists to find ways to minimize anxiety and discomfort associated with surgery. This includes the use of virtual reality to decrease periprocedural anxiety.
Other research interests: pediatric surgery, neonatal surgery, congenital diaphragmatic hernia outcomes, pediatric obesity, minimal access surgery
Bill Chiu, M.D., FACS
Dr. Chiu obtained his B.S. degree in Biological Sciences and graduated with Honors from Stanford University. After graduating, he received his Medical Degree at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, where he remained for his internship and General Surgery residency training. Dr. Chiu completed his Pediatric Surgery training at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He is an Associate Professor at Stanford University School of Medicine where he has an active research program studying innovative approaches to treat patients with neuroblastoma.
Julie Fuchs, M.D., M.S., FAAP, FACS
Before attending Medical School at Washington University School of Medicine, Dr. Fuchs graduated from Stanford University with a B.S. in Biological Sciences. She then completed her Internship, General Surgery Residency, and a two year Research Fellowship in Tissue Engineering at Harvard Medical School. Pursuing her passion for pediatric surgery, Dr. Fuchs completed her fellowship in Pediatric Surgery at the Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University School of Medicine. Dr. Fuchs was an attending surgeon at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, UT Southwestern School of Medicine, Children’s Medical Center in Dallas, before joining the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine.
Dr. Fuchs's academic and clinical interests include solid tumors in children, Hirschsprung’s disease, imperforate anus, endocrine surgery in children, neonatal surgical disease, and minimally invasive surgery. Dr. Fuchs is the Chief of Pediatric Surgery and the Medical Director of Pediatric Trauma at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center. She is dedicated to training the next generation of doctors and is the Director of the Medical Student Rotation at Stanford and is a member of the Stanford Medical School Admissions Committee. Dr. Fuchs sees patients at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, and Good Samaritan Hospital.
Gary Hartman, M.D., MBA, FACS
Dr. Hartman received his undergraduate and medical degrees at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He trained in General Surgery at the UCSF Affiliated Program of the East Bay and completed Fellowships in Surgical Critical Care (Stanford) and Pediatric Surgery (University of Oklahoma). He was on the Faculty at Stanford for ten years before moving to Children’s National Medical Center in Washington D.C. where he served as Chief of Pediatric Surgery until his return to Stanford in 2004.
Dr. Hartman's clinical practice has been focused at LPCH and Good Samaritan Hospital in San Jose. His clinical areas of interest include neonatal, minimally invasive, thyroid, chest wall and a special interest in the treatment of conjoined twins. His administrative duties include Associate Vice President of Medical Affairs and Surgical Director of Interventional and Diagnostic Services. His primary clinic is located at the LPCH SouthBay Multispecialty Clinic although appointments at the Pediatric Surgery Clinic on campus (Welch Road) are available by arrangement.
Thomas Hui, M.D., FACS
Dr. Thomas Hui graduated from University of British Columbia Medical in 1993. He then completed his General Surgery Internship at the University of British Columbia, a General Surgery Residency at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and his Pediatric Surgery Fellowship at Montreal Children's Hospital (McGill University). Dr. Hui began his practice in Oakland with the Pediatric Surgical Associates of the East Bay before joining the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine as an Associate Clinical Professor in the Division of Pediatric Surgery.
Dr. Hui has a special interest in single incision minimally invasive surgery in children and infants with congenital anomalies, pediatric oncologic and benign diseases, as well as management of prenatally diagnosed anomalies. His research interest is in Hirschsprung’s disease and minimally invasive pediatric surgery. Dr. Hui is the Division Chief and Medical Director of Pediatric General Surgery at John Muir Medical Center Walnut Creek. He is board certified in General Surgery and Pediatric General Surgery from the American Board of Surgery as well as from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
Jeong Hyun, M.D.
Thomas Krummel, M.D., FACS/FAAP
Dr. Krummel has served in leadership positions in many of the important surgical societies including the American College of Surgeons, the American Surgical Association, the American Board of Surgery, the American Board of Plastic Surgery, and was the President of the American Pediatric Surgical Association for 2013-2014. Dr. Krummel has lectured throughout the world, is author or co-author of over 300 publications, chapters, abstracts and books and he has mentored over 200 students, residents and post docs.
Throughout his career, Dr. Krummel has been a pioneer and an innovator.
• Over the last 20 years, Dr. Krummel has been a pioneer in the application of information technology to simulation-based surgical training and surgical robotics. Dr. Krummel, along with Dr. Kenneth Salisbury, Professor of Surgery and Computer Science, is the recipient of one of the first NIH Phased Innovation R21/R33 programs to develop collaborative simulation-based surgical training systems. For his work in this area and in surgical robotics, he has received two ComputerWorld Smithsonian Awards.
• For more than 15 years, he has partnered with Dr. Paul Yock to co-direct the Stanford Byers Center for Biodesign. This program is designed to teach the invention and implementation of new surgical technologies through interdisciplinary research and education at the emerging frontiers of engineering and the biomedical sciences (http://biodesign.stanford.edu). There are now 18 similar programs on 3 continents and more than 199 graduates.
• Dr. Krummel has served as a consultant to the medical device industry. He has served on numerous Scientific Advisory Boards and on the Boards of Directors of multiple successful medtech device start-ups.
• Dr. Krummel is Chairman of the Fogarty Institute for Innovation Board of Directors, President of the International Scientific Committee at IRCAD, University of Strasbourg, France, and Chairman of the Board of Directors for the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Foundation.
Dennis Lund, M.D., FACS
Dr. Lund was born in Duluth, Minnesota and attended Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. He received his general surgical training at the MGH in Boston, and his pediatric surgical training at Boston Children's Hospital. His initial career was spent as a trauma, transplant and general pediatric surgeon at Boston Children's. In 1999, he became Surgeon-in-Chief of the University of Wisconsin Children's Hospital in in Madison, and in 2001 became Chair of General Surgery at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 2011, he became Executive Vice President of the Phoenix Children's Medical Group and Surgeon-in-Chief at Phoenix Children's Hospital. Dr. Lund joined the Stanford faculty in Pediatric Surgery and as Associate Dean of the Faculty in Pediatrics and Obstetrics as well as Chief Medical Officer at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital in March, 2015.
Claudia Mueller, M.D., Ph.D., FACS
Before becoming a pediatric surgeon, Dr. Claudia Mueller obtained her Ph.D. in Social/Personality Psychology at Columbia University under the supervision of Professor Carol Dweck. Dr. Mueller’s original graduate psychological research examined the effects of praise on children’s school outcomes and implicit theories or “mindsets” of intelligence. At Stanford, Dr. Mueller has expanded this research to focus on how children’s mindsets of health can influence their coping with illness and health outcomes. Working in collaboration with Professor Dweck, Dr. Mueller has developed and validated a novel measure of children’s health mindsets (Health Belief Scale). She has used this scale to demonstrate differences in health behaviors in both healthy and chronically-ill children, particularly in the area of Type 1 diabetes. Dr. Mueller is currently working to develop an intervention which can change children’s health beliefs and improve their health outcomes.
Dr. Mueller is also interested in physician wellness and is the Co-Director of the Stanford Department of Surgery's Balance in Life Committee, which focuses on resident well-being.
Her clinical interests include general pediatric and neonatal surgery. She is the Medical Director of Stanford Children's Health at CPMC and spends most of her clinical time at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco.
David Powell, M.D., FACS
Dr. Powell grew up the Midwest fully expecting to become a shortstop for the Chicago Cubs. His career plans turned to medicine while an undergraduate at Johns Hopkins when it became clear he could not hit a big league curve ball. During medical school, Dr. Powell was exposed to many great surgeons who taught him the benefit of accumulating first-hand experience, problem solving, and the fulfillment of saving lives. After establishing a thriving pediatric surgical practice, Dr. Powell was fortunate enough to be accepted into the transformative inaugural Master Teacher in Medical Education Program. Dr. Powell's teaching philosophy centers on the belief that every surgeon wants to take better care of their patients. After twenty-five years of trainees, colleagues, collaborators and programs, that philosophy has yet to be proven wrong.
Dr. Powell also enjoys golf, sailing, fly fishing, and having the experience of age that allows him to hit the occasional curve ball when it is metaphorically thrown at him.
Stephen Shew, M.D., FACS
Dr. Shew earned his B.A. in Biochemistry and Philosophy at the University of California at San Diego, and M.D. at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston in 1995. He also completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the USDA - Children's Nutrition Research Center in Houston, where he worked on protein metabolism and energy expenditure of infants utilizing stable isotope methodologies. He completed his general surgery residency at Baylor College of Medicine Affiliated Hospitals and trained in pediatric surgery at Children's Mercy Hospital, specializing in minimally invasive surgery for infants and children in 2004. He is board certified in General and Pediatric Surgery by the American Board of Surgery. Dr. Shew is also actively involved in medical school education for students, residents, and fellows rotating through the pediatric and surgical services. Dr. Shew spent 13 years as professor at the UCLA - David Geffen School of Medicine, where he was funded by the NIH investigating multiple aspects of neonatal nutrition in ill children through clinical trials, as well as investigating broad-scale pediatric surgical health services with collaboration from the UCLA School of Public Health, UC Fetal Consortium, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, California OSHPD and NBDP, CDC and RAND. He has been a clinically active pediatric surgeon at UCLA Mattel Children’s hospital where he specialized in neonatal surgery, pediatric chest wall deformities and pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Administratively, Dr. Shew was the Director of Pediatric Surgical Quality and Director of Pediatric Trauma at UCLA for many years, and he ultimately became Interim Chief of Pediatric Surgery before he joined the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Stanford – Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital in 2017. Currently, Dr. Shew is the Director of Surgical Quality and is the Pediatric NSQIP Surgeon Champion at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, and remains clinically active in areas of expertise in fetal-neonatal surgical care, thoracic and gastrointestinal disease in children. Dr. Shew has received many awards, including the Super Doctors in Southern California Award in 2015 -2017, the Top Doctors in US- Castle Connolly Award in 2015 -2017.
Wendy Su, M.D., FACS
Dr. Wendy Su received her Bachelor of Arts in Molecular and Cell Biology from UC Berkeley, and obtained her medical degree from University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. After completing her General Surgery Residency at Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, she spent two years at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, immersed in both clinical pediatric surgical oncology training as well as basic science research utilizing microarray to identify gene expressions in neuroblastoma cell lines. Dr. Su also enjoyed the opportunity to feast on Broadway musicals and New York Style Pizzas. Then she moved further Northeast to Montreal, where she completed her Fellowship in Pediatric General Surgery at Montreal Children’s Hospital, and also found the best bagels in the world.
In the past 10 years, Dr. Su had been a Pediatric Surgery Attending at Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland. She is grateful to all the patients, staff, and colleagues there who taught her the art and heart of Pediatric Surgery. Dr. Su joined the Stanford Pediatric Surgery Division in the summer of 2018. Dr. Su’s clinical interest is in single incision laparoscopic surgery for both simple and complex operations, video assisted surgery for thoracic and mediastinal diseases; and surgical management of pediatric solid tumors. Delivering pediatric surgical care with minimal pain, minimal scar, and maximal family reassurance is her practice motto.
Karl Sylvester, M.D., FACS
Dr. Sylvester concurrently pursues three areas of related investigation. The general approach of his efforts are to combine the study of human disease samples and mouse models of human disease to pose new hypotheses and to test these hypotheses experimentally. The objective of Dr. Sylvester's studies is to derive a deeper understanding of human disease and to develop applications for possible new diagnostics and therapeutics.
In the laboratory the group studies the role of Wnt signaling in liver regeneration and response to injury. The Sylvester laboratory has demonstrated that Wnt and its signaling molecule beta-catenin have a strong influence over hepatocellular metabolism and resistance to oxidative stress. Ongoing studies to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanism by which Wnt and related pathways exert control over cellular metabolism, energy balance and redox balance are ongoing. Cellular energy and redox balance are central to the related processes of liver development, regeneration and tumorignesis.
Dr. Sylvester has established a network of academic children's hospitals and investigators to study the human newborn diseases Necrotizing Enterocolitis and sepsis. The group has published several papers describing their novel findings of molecular indicators or biomarkers of disease. The group is seeking to establish both molecular indicators of disease as well as biochemical indicators that accurately identify infants most at risk for disease in order to provide clinical strategies to prevent disease onset. Molecules and pathways of interest that have been identified in human specimens are studied further in experimental models of disease to gain a deeper insight to the specific mechanisms of disease.
James Wall, M.D., MSE, FACS
Dr. James Wall is a graduate of the Stanford Pediatric Surgery Fellowship who focuses on minimally invasive approaches to children’s surgery. He is an alumnus of the Stanford Biodesign program and holds a Master's degree in Bioengineering. He has a research focus on how we educate others to design and develop health technology as well as the emerging field of surgical endoscopy. He has developed multiple health technologies including a novel epidural needle, a protection device for umbilical catheters and a wearable leg compression system. James currently leads the perioperative Value Analysis Committee and surgical endoscopy program Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. He is the Assistant Director of the Byers Center for Biodesign Innovation Fellowship at Stanford.
Aaron Cunningham, M.D.
Dr. Aaron Cunningham, M.D., was born and grew up in New York where he studied biological engineering, at Cornell University. He developed an interest in medicine while working as a clinical neurophysiologist in Georgia and went on to attend medical school there at the Medical College of Georgia. Surgical residency brought him to the west coast where he trained at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland. During his time there he developed an acute interest in pediatric surgery and became the first pediatric surgery research fellow at OHSU. His research time was productive and predominantly focused on trauma induced coagulopathy in children and systems approaches to improving pediatric surgical care. As a research fellow he was able to secure independent funding to run a prospective observational study stratifying thromboembolic risk in injured children. His work in venous thromboembolism went on to win the Tepas Award for excellence in trauma research from the Pediatric Trauma Society two years in a row.
Aaron’s scholarly interests include deconstructing and defining systematic barriers to improving pediatric surgical care, and advanced pediatric endoscopic surgical techniques. As part of his fellowship he is placing a specific focus on such techniques including, pediatric peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), endoscopic management of anastomotic complications and complicated pancreatitis, and endoscopic approaches to neonatal congenital anomalies.
Bruce Ling, Ph.D.
During his years as the PI for the Stanford Translational Medicine Program, Dr. Ling has led numerous projects in this groundbreaking program designed to generate a broad array of potential new diagnostic devices that clinicians will use for years to come. Through these efforts, the future will witness the development of better diagnostic and predictive tools that promise to deliver improved preventive and curative treatments in the years to come. Dr. Ling has proven capability as demonstrated by his having developed mass spectrometry based high throughput biomarker discovery platform and novel biosensor innovations to translate the discovery from the bench side to the bedside, with which the collaboration teams have been productive in the biomarker discoveries in various disease areas: cancer, woman pre-eclampsia, renal allograft dysfunction, systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Kawasaki Disease, and necrotizing colitis. In addition to the translational wet laboratory team, Dr. Ling has developed a multi-faceted team of computer science and biomedicine staff members. Dr. Ling’s computational lab currently focuses on novel statistical learning algorithm innovation, large scale scientific computing and robust experimental design. Dr. Ling has launched patient-centered outcome research collaboration with the LPCH heart center to expand the evidence (key performance indicator, KPI) -based care to include high throughput predictive analytics together with a patient centered approach.